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Mini Info

 

As discussed in  the Alec Issignois section, the mini was designed by Sir Alec Issigonis, one  of the greatest and most inspired motor engineers of the 20th Century. Again,  he joined Morris Motors on 1936, at the age of 30, and was responsible for the  design of the Morris Minor. In his final years at Morris, he designed and built  a transverse engine front wheel drive prototype of the Minor, before leaving  to join Alvis. He returned to Morris (then merged to form the British Motor  Corporation, BMC) in 1955. In 1957 he set about designing a small, economical  car for post-war Britain, to compete with the Messerschmitt "Bubble cars". German  "Bubble Cars" eh - shame the Mini is all German now...

Its hard to believe  that in 1959 the car was built just as we know it today. This was the first  car with a front wheel drive, transverse engine mounted in the front, and was  also innovative in that it was the only car in the world at that time to have  suspension formed not from steel springs, but from a rubber spring system, devised  by Alex Moulton (a great suspension designer and bike designer) with Issigonis  during his time at Alvis. The Mini had now arrived! The Mini set the scene for  nearly all front wheel derived cars this year and that is just one of its many  amazing design features in 1959.

In 1959 , the mini  was first launched as the "Austin Se7en", and the "Morris Mini Minor". The first  type, a van, was launched in 1960, with a pick-up version launched in 1961.  The van lead to the "Morris Mini Minor Traveller" (also known as the "Austin  Se7en Countryman"), or the "Woody", as it is usually known today. Also in 1961,  the first Cooper was produced. Later, in 1963, the Cooper's engine was changed  from 997cc to 998cc, making it smoother, and much more torquey. More importantly,  the 1071cc Cooper S arrived in March of the same year. No one will forget the  Cooper from the 60's or the 90's.

First Ever  Mini

 

Next, in 1964, the  S engine range was totally revamped, with new 970cc and 1275cc blocks arriving  on the scene. The more important of these was the 1275, which produced an impressive  79 lb ft at 3000 rpm. The 970 lasted until 1965, but the 1275 survived until  1971 in Mk2, and then Mk3 guise. The 970cc Cooper was exceptionally revvy due  to the short stroke engine. A grand total of 40,652 were built.

The only other Mini  variant to be produced under the BMC logo was the Mini-Moke, a jeep like vehicle  originally designed for the armed forces. Many other variants were being produced  at this time, by assembly plants worldwide, particularly by the Italian firm  Innocenti, and in South Africa and Australia. Now under the British Leyland  logo, in 1967 the mini received it's first major revamp, with a wider rear windscreen,  revised rear light clusters, and a new grille being the major cosmetic differences.  These are now very rare and tend to be lovingly restored and used in the summer  for fun.

 In 1969, the Mini  Clubman was launched. It had a restyled and longer bonnet, a new dashboard,  and, new for Minis, wind up front windows. The Mini estates were replaced by  the the Clubman estate, a car renowned for it's rust problems. Importantly though,  the Cooper and Cooper S were axed to give way to the 1275GT, with a single carb,  59bhp engine. Today the Mini has changed very little over the past 41 years.  But now production has finished and the Mini is now a classic car - not a production  car. It was bound to come as EU regulations made it even harder to produce the  Mini (and BMW influence) - hence the need for airbag, door beams and twin point  injection in 1997. Not many cars have stayed the same shape for 41 years and  some bits were even made using the same tooling from 1959! Everybody knows the  Mini, many grew up with them and they will never be forgotten. Long live the  Mini and lets keep it going for another 41 years.

Last Ever Mini